An applicant is only allowed to keep a certain amount of assets to qualify for Medicaid coverage. However, recklessly spending down your assets can lead to a lengthy penalty period or may disqualify you from Medicaid completely.
You may be wondering, what will Medicaid actually count as an “asset” for eligibility requirements?
Well, single Medicaid applicants in most states are only allowed to keep $2,000 worth of countable assets. If the applicant is married, their healthy spouse can keep a separate amount known as the Community Spouse Resource Allowance. This allowance can be over $100,000 in some cases.
Medicaid's countable assets include:
Money in bank accounts (checking, savings, money market, etc)
Stocks or investments
Additional homes, vehicles, land
Certificates of deposit
401(k)s and IRAs (in most states)
A fast way to get rid of these assets may be transferring money to children or loved ones so it’s no longer considered your asset. However, Medicaid will penalize you greatly if you transfer these assets for less than fair market value within the past five years before your Medicaid application.
The penalty can range from a few months to many years before you’ll have the opportunity to qualify for Medicaid. And, in many cases, you or your loved ones don't have that kind of time to live on their own and care for themselves.
There are ways you can begin to spend down your assets while still remaining eligible for Medicaid.
Top ways to spend down for Medicaid include:
Pay off debts: Pay off your credit card or loan debts
Update your house: house modifications and improvements are a great way to add value to your main home and also spend down assets
Replace your car: if you are driving an old car, think about either purchasing a new car or, at the very least, making repairs to your current car
Prepay for funeral expenses: purchase an irrevocable funeral expense trust to prepay for your future funeral expenses
Medical devices: any necessary medical devices that insurance does not cover are legitimate ways to spend down your assets
Annuities: purchasing a Medicaid Compliant Annuity is not only a great way to spend down assets but can also increase monthly income while receiving care
Hire family to provide care: if you create an agreement with family members, you can pay them for any care they provide you
Uncovered medical expenses: anything not covered by your health insurance may be considered a legitimate way to spend down assets
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